Collectif d'auteurs, 2015

SLiCA: Arctic living conditions. Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula, Birger Poppel (ed.), Nordic Council of Ministers, Denmark, 2015, 429 p.

Résumé The SLiCA anthology probes into the theoretical and methodological background of the SLiCA project, the research design, the ethical principles applied and introduces examples of the wealth of information available on the livelihoods and living conditions of the Inuit, Saami and the indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula, measured with quality of life criteria they themselves chose. Thematically, the SLiCA anthology ranges from theoretical and methodological issues to regional and country specific analyses of different living conditions dimensions: spanning from the introduction of a new research design to do comparative living conditions studies among indigenous peoples (chapter 2) via discussions on sampling methods, representativity and the SLiCA database (chapters 2 & 3) to analyses of "suicid- al thoughts" in Norway, Greenland and Alaska (chapter 4); impacts of oil development on living conditions and quality of life in Northern Alaska (chapter 5); economic stratification in Arctic Canada (chapter 6); objective and subjective living conditions in Nunavut (chapter 7); the development of the level of education in Greenland (chapter 8); gender based differ- ences in productive activities in Northern Alaska (chapter 9), and impact of a rapid societal development in Greenland on men's and women's per- ceptions of their most important contributions to their households (chap- ter 10). Finally, a number of living conditions in the Swedish part of Sápmi for instance factors affecting migration, identity and ethnicity, and herd- ing rights are discussed (chapter 11).

Duhaime, Gérard, 2015

Still I Don't Know. A Tribute to Éric Dewailly, Read on-board the AML Louis-Jolliet, October 31, 2014, 19th Inuit Studies Conference, Quebec City. In Études/Inuit/Studies, 38 (1-2), 2p + photo

Résumé In Memoriam: Mrs. Leah Aksaajuq Umik Ivalu Otak (1950-2014), Mr. Éric Dewailly (1957-2014)

Duhaime, G., A. Caron et S. Lévesque, 2015

Le Nunavik en chiffres 2105 - version de poche, Chaire de recherche du Canada sur la condition autochtone comparée, Université Laval, Québec, 40 p.

Résumé Le présent recueil est une version écourtée et simplifiée de certains tableaux contenus dans le Nunavik en chiffres 2015 - version intégrale. Le lecteur pourra se référer à la version intégrale pour trouver l'ensemble des sources et notes méthodologiques.

Duhaime, G., A. Caron et S. Lévesque, 2015

Nunavik in Figures 2015 - Pocket Edition, Canada Research Chair on Comparative Aboriginal Condition, Université Laval, Québec, 40 p.

Résumé This compilation is a shortened and simplified version of some of the tables contained in Nunavik in Figures 2015 - Full Version. Readers are referred to the unabridged document for a complete list of sources and methodological notes.

Duhaime, G. et R. Édouard, 2015

Monetary Poverty in Inuit Nunangat, Arctic Journal, Arctic Institute of North America, University of Calgary, Canada, Vol. 68, No. 2 (june 2015) P. 223 - 232

Résumé This article measures for the first time the scope of poverty in Inuit Nunangat, the four regions of the Canadian Arctic where Inuit people live. On the basis of a monetary definition of poverty, we propose and apply a method adapted to key characteristics of the Inuit condition. For each region, we developed a low income measure (LIM) that takes household composition and consumer prices into account, using data from the master file of the 2006 Census of Canada and surveys by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada on the Revised Northern Food Basket. For Inuit Nunangat as a whole, the low income measure was $22 216 and the low income rate (LIR) was 44%. Values vary among regions: in Nunavik, for example, the low income rate is 37.5%. However, throughout Inuit Nunangat, poverty rates are significantly higher than those observed in Canada. We recommend further statistical exploration to better identify not only the factors correlated with households living in poverty, but also a qualitative approach to produce an Inuit emic perspective. Both tools are necessary for informed policy to fight against poverty.

Duhaime, G., R. Édouard et N. Bernard, 2015

Economic Stratification and Living Conditions in the Canadian Arctic, In: SLiCA: Arctic living conditions. Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula, Birger Poppel (ed.), Nordic Council of Ministers, 2015, pp 169-195

Résumé This chapter discusses the stratification of contemporary Inuit societies in Canada. An analysis of total individual and household income enabled the authors to determine income distribution among the adult Inuit population across different strata. This analysis made it possible to go beyond merely describing income distribution and to observe a significant but weak relationship between economic stratification and the living conditions thus examined (schooling level, civic participation, social support, satisfaction in relation to certain aspects of community life, and subjective well-being). It also showed that the criteria of social differentiation include aside from various sources of income - access to and availability of social support, participation in community life, satisfaction, and wellbeing. All in all, economic stratification appears, all things considered, to have a limited impact on the core aspects of life for the Canadian Arctic Inuit. Other processes are thought to interact with stratification to produce and materialize the cohesion required for the maintenance and development of local communities - such as, for example, the strength of social networks, the presence of family, or the principle of reciprocity.

Duhaime, G., S. Lévesque et A. Caron, 2015

Le Nunavik en chiffres 2015 - Version intégrale, Chaire de recherche du Canada sur la condition autochtone comparée, Université Laval, Québec, 133 p.

Résumé Le présent recueil de statistiques fait suite aux publications antérieures, le Profil socioéconomique du Nunavik 2006 et le Profil socioéconomique du Nunavik 20081. Les travaux de mise à jour ont été amorcés à l'automne 2012 et étaient motivés par la publication des premiers résultats du Recensement du Canada 2011. La réalisation d'un profil socioéconomique du Nunavik visait à combler les difficultés de connaître la situation du Nunavik par rapport à celle des autres régions du Québec et à celle de l'ensemble du Québec. Les premières éditions étaient inspirées de la publication Portrait socioéconomique des régions du Québec, dont elles reprenaient, à toutes les fois que cela était possible, les indicateurs, les modèles de présentation, etc. Mais, dans cette publication récurrente, le Nunavik était agrégé avec Eeyou Istchee et la Jamésie à l'intérieur de la région administrative dite du «Nord-du-Québec », de telle sorte qu'elle ne fournissait aucune indication utile à l'échelle du Nunavik proprement dit. Le présent recueil puise largement à la plus récente mise à jour du Portrait socioéconomique des régions du Québec, d'autant plus qu'elle comporte désormais des données portant spécifiquement sur le Nunavik. Cependant, le contenu du présent recueil s'éloigne de son modèle d'origine, à cause d'importantes modifications dans l'univers des données disponibles.

Duhaime, G., S. Lévesque et A. Caron, 2015

Nunavik in Figures 2015 - Full Version, Canada Research Chair On Comparative Aboriginal Condition, Université Laval, Québec, 133 p.

Résumé This collection of statistics is a follow-up to our earlier publications, Socioeconomic Profile of Nunavik 2006 and Socioeconomic Profile of Nunavik 20081. Updating began in the fall of 2012 and was motivated by the publication of the first results from the 2011 Census of Canada. Its goal was to overcome the difficulties of comparing Nunavik's situation with that of other Quebec regions and with Quebec as a whole. The first editions were inspired by the publication Portrait socioéconomique des régions du Québec (socioeconomic portrait of Quebec regions), whose indicators and reporting formats etc. were used in our publication wherever possible. However, in these periodic reports Nunavik was grouped with Eeyou Istchee and la Jamésie within the administrative region known as "Nord-du-Québec" such that it provided no useful indicators for Nunavik alone. Our new edition draws mostly on the most recent update of Portrait socioéconomique des régions du Québec, especially since it now contains data specifically on Nunavik. However, the content differs from our original format due to significant changes in data availability.

Garon, J. et G. Duhaime, 2015

Le programme Nutrition Nord Canada, Chaire de recherche du Canada sur la condition autochtone comparée, Université Laval, Québec, 12 pages + annexes

Résumé Ce texte concerne le programme fédéral Nutrition Nord Canada. Il a pour objectif de rassembler des informations de base sur le programme provenant de la documentation existante, complétée par des entrevues avec des informateurs- clés. Il identifie les objectifs du programme ainsi que les modalités de son fonctionnement. Il met en évidence la nécessité de suivre l'évolution du programme et d'évaluer les impacts de cette évolution sur les acteurs concernés.

Laneuville, Pascale, 2015

Bring Hope and Restore Peace. A Study Report on the Life and the Concerns of Inuit Women of Nunavik, Saturviit Inuit Women's Association of Nunavik, in Partnership with the Community-University Research Alliance Leadership and Governance in Nunavut and Nunavik: Life stories, Analytical Perspectives, and Training, Kuujjuuaq, Nunavik, June 2015, 163 p.

Résumé Since Saturviit's main mission is to give women a voice, the purpose of this book is to report their words as faithfully as possible, and not to offer a deep analysis of the historical causes of current social issues, any more than it is to give an interpretation of the overall situation. We have merely attempted to describe women's experiences and thoughts while preserving the details and complexity. This report sets forth women's priorities for housing, education and employment, family and individual wellness, the legal system and social services, and social harmony. It aims to pinpoint major issues that have to be addressed to help regain a safe and healthy life environment for Nunavik families and to propose ways to solve these issues in a culturally relevant manner.
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