The Canada Research Chair on Comparative Aboriginal Conditions was created at Université Laval in 2002 to participate in the development of academic activities regarding the situation of modern aboriginal people, in particular in the circumpolar region. Under the direction of its chairholder, the Chair's team conducts a long-term research programme, maintains socio-economic databanks, and holds several scientific activities. This way, it creates a stimulating academic environment for post-graduate students. It also contributes to publicizing knowledge, through seminars, conferences and publications, and through long-term collaboration with its partners.
The Canada Research Chair in Comparative Aboriginal Conditions is affiliated with the Interuniversity Centre for Aboriginal Studies and Research (CIERA), at the Faculty of Social Sciences and the Department of Sociology of Université Laval. It is supported financially by the Canada Research Chairs Secretariat and the Fondation de l’Université Laval (Louis-Edmond-Hamelin Chair). Its work is financed by research grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and other organizations, as well as by sponsorships and contracts.